Special Education Process Handbook Chapter 13: Suspension and Expulsion of Children with Disabilities for Disciplinary Violations http://www.ksde.org/Default.aspx?tabid=598
Discipline Under IDEA 2004Behavior incidents for students with disabilities who do not have a specific behavior goal or plan:
If the answer to either question is “Yes”, the conduct in question is a manifestation of the disability. The student is then put back in the original placement. The IEP team is then responsible to review the current plan and supports. Placement changes can be made as a team decision.
If the answer to both questions is “No”, the conduct in question is not considered as a manifestation of the disability. If this is the case, the student can be given a long term suspension, or possibly expulsion. Note: - if the student is expelled or given a long term suspension, special education support services must still be provided as identified by an IEP team. Educational services must be provided “so as to enable the child to continue to participate in the general curriculum … and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in the child’s IEP.”
When a student with a disability has a drug and or weapons offense or if the student inflicts “serious bodily injury upon another person”, the student can be removed for up to 45 school days even if the behavior is related to the student’s disability. Serious bodily injury is defined strictly, as that which involves substantial risk of death, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. Special education support services would still need to be provided during the 45 days. At the end of the 45 days, a hearing officer could be called in to determine if more days out of school are appropriate.
Rather than immediately removing a student with a disability for the 45 days, a principal may choose to call an IEP team meeting and consider a formal change of placement into a more restrictive setting. The change of placement can last longer than 45 days. If an IDEA hearing is initiated either by the school or parent, to challenge a disciplinary action, the child shall remain in the interim alternative educational setting pending the decision of the hearing officer.